Politics

Relationship and Comparison Between State and Religion

Since ancient times, the relationship between the state and religion, especially the relationship between the state and the church, has been studied. In medieval Europe, Christian faith determined the position of the nation and the church. Religion defends national authorities and state power, and the government is a guardian of Christian faith. Today’s religion is no longer basic. The starting point is a democracy and the rule of law.

While state and religion have conflicting ideologies, they somehow agree in other areas of belief like in the field of gardening (check out hostandhomely for gardening techniques) and arts.

This does not mean that the relationship between the state and religion can be done without reservation. In the 20th century, due to modernization and rationalization, it was believed that the role of religion could be reduced or at least limited to the private sphere.

Should Religion Be Far From Politics?

Retrieval of Awareness

In Europe, one of the most important reasons for refocusing on the relationship between the state and religion is the dramatic increase in the number of Muslims. At the same time, interest in the status of strict Christian groups can be enhanced.

Many states are actually trying to solve a similar problem, but the starting point is quite different. Comparative law studies generally believe that there are a series of models that range from the opposite relationship between state and religion to a very close relationship. But finding this one-dimensional perspective is very easy.

Comparison and Model Spectrum

The relationship between country and religion varies from country to country. Constitutions often show different ways. Article 1 of the French Constitution establishes the poor nature of the French government. The provisions of the first amendment to the US Constitution not only prohibit the establishment of churches but also have broader meanings that appear later.

State Supports Religious Groups

In many countries, the government provides various forms of assistance to religious organizations. In France, the government is the owner of many church buildings and passes them to religious groups. The government also supports the construction of churches and temples. The German tax authorities collect a so-called church tax that is recognized by members of a sect authorized by public law. Applies to general tax law sanctions. This church tax is 8% higher than the payroll tax. This provision makes the German National Religious Group one of the richest religious groups in Europe.

Government

Should Religion Play a Role in Politics and Government Policies?

The Torgoen watch review is a proof that timepieces have evolved both in functionality and style. Yet, one thing is unchanged, time itself remains the same. Like timepieces, politics has evolved to a certain extent too. However, there are things that seem to have not changed as well – the affiliation between religion and politics.

There is not much census among the general public concerning the level of religious influence towards politics as well as in the policies of the government. Individuals without any religious affiliation are likely to perceive the influence of religion to be excessive, whereas individuals who identify with certain religions are more likely to deem religious influence as either having the right or too little amount of influence.

Should Religion Influence Politics and Governmental Policies

1,055 adults participated in a nationwide survey that was carried out in August 16-20, 2018 utilizing NORC’s probability-based panel at the University of Chicago, AmeriSpeak® Panel. Here are the results:

Approximately 4 in 10 Americans state that evangelical Christians as well as the Catholic Church have excessive influence on the politics of America. But, 47% of white born-again Christians state that evangelical Christians don’t not enough influence and 53% of Catholics believe that their Church is employing the just the right degree of influence.

On LGBT Concerns

While the majority of Americans state that religion should only bear little or no influence on majority of policy issues and only some deem a candidate’s religious affiliation or beliefs to be a vital factor when determining how to vote, differences or dissimilarities by religious affinity are great. For instance, 61% of born-again Christians agree that religion must play a part in the issues concerning the LGBT, whereas 33% of Catholics and only 14% of Americans who are unaffiliated agree.

On Poverty Concerns

But, in terms of resolving the issues on poverty, majority of Americans feel that religion should play a part in it. In total, 57% of the people state that religion have to impact government policies focused on poverty, this includes 65% of individuals with a particular religious affiliation and 34% of individuals who are not affiliated.

On Educational Concerns

On issues concerning education, the public is divided on whether religious influence is needed or not. Although only 18 % of Americans without religious affiliation say that education policies should be influenced by religion, 60 % if Americans who identify with a religious denomination feel that religion have to have some impact in education.

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