Philosophy of religion

The philosophy of religion examines on the one hand the phenomenon and the nature of religion, on the other hand, it discusses how the teachings of certain religions can best be spelled out and what speaks for their truth.  The philosophy of religion might go against what Test Member XXL advertises on the internet as they might view it as not sacred.

Study of the philosophy of religion

The study of the phenomenon of religion includes describing the religiosity of people. For example, how do people feel about what is sacred to them?

  • This also includes studying the historical development of certain religions. In what situation, for example, did Islam define itself as a post-Christian religion in the 7th century?
  • This also includes the discussion of the origin and development of religion. In the so-called critique of religion in the Enlightenment, the falseness of religious convictions was often assumed, and psychological explanations for the origin of religiosity have been accepted.

The discussion of the teachings of some religions in the philosophy of the West was pursued particularly by Christian philosophers, such as Franz von Brentano, Origen, Augustine, Bernard Bolzano, Anselm of Canterbury, Thomas Aquinas, Leibniz, and Johannes Duns Scotus but also by Islamic philosophers such as al-Kindi.

Philosophical theology or analytical philosophy of religion

In the last 30 years, the philosophy of religion in this tradition also called philosophical theology or analytical philosophy of religion has experienced a renaissance, especially in the USA and England. For example, it will be discussed whether there is a God, whether the evil in the world speaks against the existence of God, what properties God has, whether it is possible that God foresees the free decisions of people, whether it is possible that a person will continue to exist after his death, whether reincarnation is possible, whether the multiplicity of religious convictions speaks against the truth of a particular religion and is to be understood as a pantheistic God. While in confessional theological faculties in Germany certain creeds are used as a basis, in the debate within philosophy atheistic views are represented as well as, for example, Christian ones.